Populist movements don't build themselves ...

... It doesn't matter what the "horse race" outcome of the campaign is, if we fight the campaign. Fighting it, we learn how to fight. Learning how to fight political battles, we become citizens again. Becoming citizens again, we reclaim the Republic that lies dormant beneath the bread and circuses of modern American society.

Sunday, November 29, 2009

Sunday Train: Frequency and Waiting on a Train

Burning the Midnight Oil for Living Energy Independence

I've been reading James McCommon's Waiting on a Train. And in cowed deference to the FCC, I will put the disclaimer up front that, yes!, I was more likely to read it and talk about it because Chelsea Green gave me a free review copy - since I would otherwise have had to wait until both it and I was in the library at the same time ...

... {of course, making me more likely to read it and talk about it is a gamble, since I'm not going to change my view of it because its a free copy - so if you have any publisher friends, warn them that if they reckon a book is a piece of garbage, they'd be better advised not to send a review copy}

The Chapter that is inspiring today's Sunday Train is "Amtrak Cascades: it's all about frequency". "Uznanski" is Ken Uznanski, former passenger rail chief of the Washington DoT:
"Once those intermodal trains can go through Stampede Pass, it will take some traffic off the main line and free up more room for additional passenger trains," said Uznanski.

By bringing the number of trains up to eight a day between Vancouver and Portland, ridership and ticket revenue will increase significantly. Currently ticket sales - what is known as farebox - cover 43% of the Amtrak Cascades' operating expenses; the state subsidizes the remainder. Run eight trains daily, however, the farebox recovery goes up to 70%.

It's all about frequency. When trains are frequency and convenient, ridership - particularly business travel - grows dramatically, said Uznanski.

It was a mantra I was to hear from experts all across the country - frequency builds ridership and only frequency significantly builds farebox recovery. Sure its great to have trains running more than 100mph in a corridor, but if there are only a couple of trains a day, they just aren't convenient enough to move people off the highway or away from the airport.

- John McCommons, Waiting on a Train, Chelsea Green Publishing: Vermont, p. 51

Back in Sunday Train: Rescuing the Innocent Amtrak Numbers from SubsidyScope, SubsidyScope's numbers proved to be hopelessly inept to serve as any basis for evaluating capital costs of individual Amtrak routes (even though SubsidyScope adopted the pretense that they could in fact be used for that purpose). However, as note, it might be possible to use their operating cost and revenue values as a rough guide to operating cost recovery.

Going back to the "Regional Corridor" services (shorter services running outside the Northeast Corridor), I tabulated a rough estimate of the services that had above median and below median operating cost recovery based on SubsidyScope's numbers.

So I've gone to the Amtrak timetables, and have done a rough estimate of effective frequency of weekday service. By "rough estimate" and "effective frequency", I mean:
  • If the corridor seems to be served primarily by a single service, I only count that service, while most of it is served by a long distance service as well, I include the long distance train along the corridor as a service
  • If there is a partial route that covers about half the corridor, I count it as half a service
  • Service three weekdays per week counts as 0.6 of a service.

Going back to that table, there is some direct confirmation of the argument. There is a median of three (3) services per weekday for all regional corridors services, with a median of four (4) services for those with above-median farebox recovery, and a median of two (2) services for those with below-median farebox recovery.

To get a visual overview, the Regional Corridor farebox recovery table was originally formatted with above-median recovery ratios in the left hand column, and below-median recovery ratios in the right hand column. So simply breaking it into two tables - corridors with three or more services per day and those with fewer than three per day - and just having a look. It confirms that, while frequency is not the sole and solitary factor driving farebox recovery, there is a tendency for more frequent trains to be in the left hand column and less frequent trains to be in the right hand column.

Three or more services per weekday:
Corridor Route Op Ratio Corridor Route Op Ratio
Corridor Services 58%
Chicago-St. Louis IL/MO 79% Albany-Toronto NY/ONT54%
Newport News DC/VA77% Capital CA 53%
Illinois-Saluki IL 70% Empire NY48%
Hiawatha IL/WI 66% Wolverine MI/IL39%
Downeaster ME/MA 64% Springfield Shuttle MA/CT32%
San Jaoquins CA61%
Keystone PA 61%
Cascades OR/BC 61%
Pacific Surfliner CA 59%
Pere Marquette MI/IL 59%

Fewer than Three Services Per Weekday
Corridor Route Op Ratio Corridor Route Op Ratio
Corridor Services 58%
Carolinian NY/NC71% Blue Water MI/IL 55%
Heartland TX/OK67% Zephyr IL54%
Ethan Allen NY/VT65% Vermonter VT/DC 54%
Adirondock NY/Quebec 59% Piedmont NC52%
Missouri River MO45%
Pennsylvanian PA/NY43%
Hoisier State IN/IL15%

Whole Systems Thinking

There are two really substantial competitive advantages to frequency - but both require more than a high frequency schedule alone to tap that potential.

The first benefit is meeting demands for time-of-day sensitive travelers. Some travelers have wide latitude in the timing of their departure and/or arrival - others are faced with a more rigid earliest departure time or latest arrival time. The greater the frequency of the service on a rail corridor, the more travelers are within the real potential transport market for the corridor.

But of course, frequent and (even worse) extended delays - which are a regular occurance in McCommon's rail travels - will drive away precisely those people most strongly attracted by high frequency services - the time-of-day sensitive traveler. If the main origin of a corridor in one direction has three services that are well time for morning, afternoon and early evening travelers, and a low percentage of trains arriving and departing on schedule with frequent multiple-hour delays, reducing the number of services delayed, and reducing the average delay for those that experience delays is critical.

On the other hand, the main source of delay is limited system capacity and aging infrastructure and equipment - and investments that substantially improve the capacity to operate on time tend to be the same ones required to permit additional services to operate. So "frequency" is to a certain extent a stand-ing for "reliability and timeliness".

The second big advantage is the market for day trips. If there is one service each way per day, then travelers on one or both sides of the corridor are excluded from using the train for day trips. But of course, the length of the trip itself is also critical for making a day trip possible - a six hour train ride with a departure at 6am and a return departure at 6pm makes a day trip possible in one direction (but not the other) ... but it won't attract many day travelers unless that is a compelling destination from that origin.

By contrast, if there are five to eight services each way per day and it is a trip of three hours or less, that is a corridor that can be in the frame for people taking a day trip.

There is an "exception that tests the rule" in the above tables. The Pere Marquette is one service from Grand Rapids to Chicago which is effectively one of five Amtrak services per day connecting Northern Indiana and Chicago (supplemented by additional metro rail services in northwestern Indiana) ... which leaves Grand Rapids about 7:30 in the morning for an arrival before 11am, and returns from Chicago about 5:20pm for a return before 11pm. So it comes in the frame for a "day trip to Chicago", even though between Grand Rapids and New Buffalo MI it operates as a single service each way per day.

Of course, its difficult to relocate more moderate sized cities to be a convenient distances from a sequence of other moderate sized cities or a major mega-regional center like Chicago. The way to bring more origin/destination pairs within a three hour time frame is with faster average trip speeds. The first threshold is the 110mph level, which with tilt-trains over a reasonably efficient alignment is time-competitive with cars, so many car-based day trips are also rail-based day trips.

The second threshold is the 125mph level - the speed of the first generation of bullet trains - which with tilt-trains over a reasonably efficient alignment results in trips noticeably faster than most cars. That means that there are trips that are solid day-trips by rail that are not day-trips by car, which offers another step up in competitive positioning.

At this point, someone will normally chime in that there are special benefits to using a car for a day trip - but that is just a one-eyed way of saying that different transport modes have different mixes of advantage and disadvantage. A major benefit of a train for a day trip is that you can relax on the way down and the way back, rather than having to work at chauffeuring yourself.

And of course, trip speed interacts with service reliability in service of frequency in a very basic way: the sooner you can be confident that the train will be at its destination, the earlier you can schedule the same train to run back the other direction. A five hour route can get at most three day services each way from a pair of trains - and the morning departure is likely to be earlier than ideal in order to fit in three. A three hour route can get four or five.

So in reality, improved trip speed, improved reliability, and increased service frequency are a complex, and thinking in a pure analytical manner about the effect of each as independent factors is a mistake - what is critical is the leverage that is gained when all three are improved as a system.

Service Frequency Relative to the Market

That is the main point that this section of the book brought to mind as I was reading it yesterday. However, there is also a point that comes to mind when looking at some of the low-frequency services with higher farebox cost recovery ratios.

How frequent is "frequent". When doing the median test above, there is a premise that three trains per day is three trains per day, in whatever market conditions. However, stating the assumption is enough to highlight that it is a shaky assumption.

The focus above was on the share of the traveling public that are "in the frame" for considering taking a train for their trip. However, clearly, the number of those "in the frame" that then chose to take the train depends critically on what the alternatives are. In relative terms, four corridor routes per day would be an extremely low frequency on the Northeast Corridor, where in the absence of regional corridor intercity rail travel there would still by very high frequency air shuttles and intercity buses in operation as well as shorter distance metro rail services that extend out to cover the shorter intercity trips.

Indeed, those four trains per day might be viable options for making a large number of trips, but if they are competing against a wide range of much more frequent alternatives, the number of people "in the frame" will only become obvious when planes are grounded or there is a closure of a major intercity road artery.

By contrast, four trains per day from Columbus to Cleveland and from Columbus to Cincinnati would be a substantially higher frequency relative to the market, because there are no metro rail services, very few intercity bus services, and a much more limited (and, of course, more expensive per mile) choice of flights.

Time to share your thoughts

Now's the time to share your thoughts on the future of rail travel in this country. Don't fret that you haven't read the book - or even if you don't want to talk about frequency, reliability and trip speed. Just say, "On a related point" and have at it - if its on trains, it'll count as a related point.

Thursday, November 26, 2009

d-_-b A Wartime Thanksgiving d-_-b

Burning the Midnight Oil for the Arc of the Sun

I am thankful that we have not engaged in any more reckless and ill-considered invasions followed by interminable occupations than we have already done.




Midnight Oil: My Country promotional video clip

Was it just a dream, were you so confused
Was it just a giant leap of logic?
Was it the time of year, that makes a state of fear
Methods, were their motives for the action

and did i hear you say
My country right or wrong

Did you save your face
Did you breach your faith
Women, there were children at the shelter
Now who can stop the hail
When human senses fail
There was never any warning, no escape

Did I hear you say
My country right or wrong
My country oh so strong
My country going wrong
My country right or wrong

I hear you say the truth must take a beating
The flag a camouflage for your deceiving
I know we all make mistakes

This is not a case of blurred vision
It's a case of
   black holes,
      pocket holes,
         soul holes

And did I hear you say
My country right or wrong
My country oh so strong
My country going wrong
My country right or wrong

Sunday, November 22, 2009

Sunday Train: Revisiting 5 Lessons Learned from America was made for HSR

Burning the Midnight Oil for Living Energy Independence

I return to 2007 for "America was made for HSR" (Agent Orange links retained as the other blog I was posting to at the time is no longer up)
Wow, what a ride. Sometimes on Thursday ...

Thursday 22 March 2009, that is ...
... it felt like the America was made for High Speed Rail diary was going 200 mph itself. And I kept the ride going, cross posting the diary on the Euro and Booman Tribunes. And based partly on comments here and partly on comments there, kept polishing up the map.

Like the first diary, this is only a sketch, and 200mph routes are not the be-all and end-all of passenger rail, and this isn't a silver bullet ... but damn if it isn't one silver BB that is cool as all hell.

Now, I'm going to say the lessons follow below the fold in no particular order, so that if you see an order, I can call it serendipity, and if you don't see any order ... I told you so. ...

... (and anyway, any excuse to use the word serendipity is a good excuse, it's such a lovely word ... and you'd never believe how I stumbled across it ... but that, dear readers, is another story) ...

... with some additional reflections from late 2009.

Lesson One: Give the Silver BB image. Rinse. Repeat.

I am not sure I used the the Silver BB explanation enough times, early enough or often enough. I don't know whether I coined the phrase or stole it from someone else, but its become community property, used by farmerchuck, alizard, and A Siegel, ... among others, and hopefully more to come.

When people promise a "silver bullet" solution to solve all your problems (e.g., kill the werewolf that is troubling your village) and bake you the celebration cake too, it never works out as promised. Sometimes it does something useful, but its never a silver bullet ... indeed, some of the things that we are suffering from now, like gasoline powered motorcars spreading pollution, global warming, and suburban sprawl like an inexorable plague, were the silver bullets of an earlier day.

So the idea is to find the silver BB's ... the actual, if partial, solutions to a part of a part of the problem ... pack as many into a shotgun shell as can fit, and blast away. Repeat as necessary.

High Speed Rail is a silver BB. It has been proven to work at what it does, but what it does is only a part of a part of the solution. It can get some people out of some plane trips, and after that a smaller share of car trips, and after that a little air freight, and after that it can at times be used to assist with a very few road freight tasks.

And my diary was only about one small issue involved in one silver BB (but its such a shiny silver BB that lots of people wanted to talk about it, so they forced the discussion out of the confines of that tiny little issue).

So to everyone who pointed out that this does not solve Express land freight, or local commuter travel, or cross country air travel ... yes, and yes, and yes. But for getting people out of that plane that takes off from Columbus International Airport to O'Hare in Chicago, which reaches cruising altitude, cruises ten minutes, then starts its descent ... it can do that.

Aye-yup. At the time the silver BB's of walkable Transit-Oriented Development and the Nation of Bikeways strategy for cycling on the public right of way was already in view. Since then, the Silver-BB's of the Steel Interstate, regional stopping trains, Rapid Streetcars, trolley buses have also been added - and that is just the dimension of sustainable transport. Sustainable energy production, sustainable agriculture, and sustainable shelter are also each necessary and also each insufficient on their own.

Lesson Two: Use Old Numbers and People Will Call You On It

This all started out as a back of the envelope kind of exercise that spilled out of control. My cut-off for cities to look at was 1m ... that came from a rule of thumb circulating on the European Tribune. And I used 2000 Census Urbanized Area numbers. While these are not the SMA numbers that people are used to, it is also true that many of the cities near the edge will have grown over 1m mark in the 7 years since the census.

For the (very tiny) issue raised in the diary, it doesn't matter. The issue was, if criteria are set out, and HSR is allowed to grow project by project based on local enthusiasm and local market conditions, would the result look anything like a network created under a Master Map? Because, if we get a reasonably good Map from a bottom-up approach, then we can avoid the political fight over what the map should look like, and focus on getting reasonable criteria put into place.

In the new map above, the dashed red lines between the Northeast and Southeast networks show part of what happens if precisely three cities tip over the 1m mark ... Memphis and Nashville, in the traditional urbanized area sense, and Charlotte NC as a "networked" city based on (currently ongoing) investment in local rail knitting the broader area together. There's also dashed lines for Jacksonville. Don't fret if you reckon that there are more ... it could easily take thirty years for the system to be built out, and by that time a number of cities will come into the frame.

I have yet to see any dramatic proof in any of the dramatic top-down maps offered that they offer something dramatically better than setting more or less reasonable criteria and getting started.

And this leads straight into lesson three ...

Lesson Three: What Is High Speed?

We Americans are awfully insular people. I should have said seven times that what we call "High Speed" in the US is simply not high speed. 100mph is not HSR. We were going 100mph in 1930. European and Japanese HSR had reached 150+ mph by the 1960's, and have since built routes and trains that allow effective trip speeds of 200mph ... for conventional High Speed Rail. This is not "maglev", but steel wheels on steel tracks.

Now, 100mph is a really good idea, for both passengers and freight. I would love to see a 100mph network from one side of the country to another (noth to south and east to west). I would love to see 100mph lines from New York and Boston to Albany, then through the upstate cities to Buffalo, then to Cleveland, Akron, Canton, Newark, Columbus, Dayton, Cincinatti, Louisville and on ... and Cleveland, Toledo, Detroit, west across Michigan and to Chicago. And multiply that nationwide.

In trying to find a term that allows me to convey a feeling of pretty darn quick without making America look silly and backward in Europe, I've settled on "Express" for that "1930's era HSR" kind of pace.

And bear in mind that the French are not shy about taking their TGV off the high speed corridor onto the regular train network (though not running at 150mph or 220mph). The Paris-Bordeaux service is high-speed less than half-way, from Paris to Tours. So if the high speed corridor bypasses a smaller city, that does not mean that all the services bypass that city. Some will come out of the corridor on a local Express rail network, pick up passengers, and return to the corridor further along.

Indeed, this French service has a terminus in a resort area where they do not allow overhead electric wires for the TGV, so its being towed by a diesel locomotive:

So I probably should have stressed that HSR corridors are the trunks for HSR services, but the services are not limited to the corridors. In particular, the HSR will have a station at a major hub airport if it passes in the vicinity ... and the remaining HSR stations will be selected from the three to five most important interchange stations between local commuter/shopping rail systems and interurban Express passenger rail system ... whether those systems are in place or still on the drawing board.

And then Senator Obama won the Presidency, and made Roy LaHood his Secretary of Transportation, and the entire fuzzy mess was clarified with their three tier system - true "Express HSR"; the 125mph tier of "Regional HSR", slower than Express HSR but faster than road transport; and the 110mph tier of "Emerging HSR", time-competitive with road transport, at roughly half the cost of Regional HSR and a fifth of the cost of Express HSR.

I argued at the time and still think that this is very politically adroit. It is, indeed, much of the political foundation for the present situation where the White House submits a budget figure for HSR and the political fight is whether to raise that by 20% or to quadruple it.

Indeed, I wish the administration could have been that adroit on most things - getting the argument to be on whether to be a little bit better than the White House proposed or a lot better would be a welcome sight in either the Health Insurance Reform or Climate Bill debates.

Lesson Four: Running Next to Highways

A lot of people raised the question of where we are going to get the Right of Way for these corridors ... and a lot of people suggested using Interstate Highway right of way. When I took this to the European Tribune, I discovered that the Europeans are way ahead of us here (and I owe a special thanks to DoDo at the European Tribune):

This is in the Netherlands:

This is on a Belgian/German line:

This is in Italy:

This is in France:

This is on the Channel Tunnel Rail Link, and actually answers the question, "what do you do when the expressway is too bendy for HSR?" ... "You use the non-bendy parts and provide a straighter line corridor for the bendy bits":

So, yes, it would appear that one option is to build the HSR corridor into the fringe of selected Interstate Highways. And to answer the question as it is tickling up through some of your clever brains ... yes, all of these systems have automatic sensors to detect a car falling onto the line, in addition to their structural features designed to make that as unlikely as possible.

This is still a critical lesson. Indeed, after the 110mph Midwest and Ohio Hubs have been upgraded to 125mph, when it comes time to provide an Express HSR corridor between the greater New York area and the Great Lakes, a corridor generally along the I-80 alignment through New Jersey and Pennsylvania may bear a closer look

Lesson 5: The Core Corridors

On the European Tribune, I was asked to compute the geometric mean of population for mile for the various two-city pairs, to get an idea of where things would probably get started first. So I did. The geometric mean is the two populations multiplied together, then take the square root. The reason for using it instead of the simple average is that it adjusts for the fact that a pair of 3m:3m cities will have a bigger interurban travel market than a pair of 5m:1m cities.

And that is partly encoded in the map above. There was a substantial break between 16,000 and 18,000, so all the trips from 16,000 up (the biggest is New York / Boston at 39,000 average per mile) are shown in in the widest lines, and the ones 16,000-10,000 in the next wider lines.

The core lines (those over 16,000 in bold) are ... on the East Coast:
* 39,508 New York / Boston
* 33,476 New York / Philadelphia
* 31,627 New York / Baltimore
* 27,073 New York / Providence
* 20,978 New York / Washington
* 14,335 Orlando / Tampa
* 13,777 Washington / Virginia Beach
* 12,506 Washington / Pittsburgh
* 10,901 Miami / Orlando

In the Great Lakes / Midwest:
* 21,625 Chicago / Detroit
* 18,013 Chicago / Indianapolis
* 12,625 New York / Cleveland
* 11,828 Indianapolis / Cincinatti
* 11,114 Chicago / Cleveland
* 10,333 Chicago / Minneapolis (via Milwaukee)

In ... well, let's just call it Texas:
* 15,923 Dallas / Houston
* 11,140 Houston / San Antonio

On the West Coast:
* 37,435 Los Angeles / San Diego (via Riverside)
* 14,717 Los Angeles / Phoenix (via Riverside)
* 14,285 Los Angeles / Las Vegas (via Riverside)
* 12,687 Seattle / Portland

Now, in terms of population-miles served per dollar, the Express rail system is going to give the most "bang for the buck" in a lot of the United States. However, some areas could justify HSR right now, if the funding was available ... and, the more we build out an Express Rail network, the easier it will become to justify a HSR project, because of the opportunity to run HSR trains out of the HSR corridor into the Express passenger rail network.

Remember, this is just one silver BB ... but it sure is a shiny one.

If anything, I would amplify this. A single Express HSR corridor from New York City through northwestern NJ and northern PA, northern Ohio and northern Indiana to Chicago, combined with junctions to corridors already planned for 110mph systems (which, recall, can be upgraded to electrified, 125mph corridors in a series of incremental upgrades) means:
  • NYC / Chicago via lots of country in the middle of nowhere, and
  • NYC / Cleveland / Toledo /Detroit, junctioning with the 125mph corridor in NW PA;
  • NYC / Pittsburgh, junctioning with the 125mph corridor in NW PA;
  • NYC / Columbus / Dayton / Cincinnati, junctioning with the 125mph Triple-C corridor in northern OH;
  • Chicago / Cleveland / Buffalo, junctioning with the 125mph Triple-C corridor in northern OH;
  • Chicago / Detroit / Toronto, junctioning with the Columbus/Detroit corridor in NW OH
  • Chicago / Columbus, junctioning with the Columbus/Detroit corridor in NW OH
  • Chicago / Pittsburgh, junctioning with the 125mph Triple-C corridor in northern OH;

... and of course with the northern sections of the hypothetical "Appalachian Hub" proposal, the rang of destinations expands further.

So while I argue it is essential to think through what trips it makes sense to provide with Express HSR, given the populations and distances and other factors that drive transport markets ... it continues to be a mistake to think of Express HSR corridors in isolation from the next tier down.

All Done ... well, not all done learning lessons, but these are five that I wanted to write up ... a lot of others are still percolating in my head.

... and I can only underline that - I have only just begun to learn!

Midnight Oil: Forgotten Years

Still it aches like tetanus / It reeks of politics
Signatures stained with tears
Who can remember, we've got to remember

The hardest years, the darkest years / Forsaking aching breaking years
The time 'n' tested heartbreak years
These should not be forgotten years

The blinded years, the binded years / The desperate and divided years
These should not be forgotten years

Friday, November 20, 2009

Small Teaspoon Model Victories against Rupert 'The Pirate' Murdoch and PirateCorp

Burning the Midnight Oil for Breaking the Silicon Cage

About a month ago, I asked, " Monday, October 19, 2009
Can the Teaspoon Model stand up to Bloodsucker Streaming Sites?

Now, on the occasion of the first small victory of the "Teaspoon Model" over PirateCorp (aka NewsCorp), I'm catching my breath and looking back at this process. Note that if you have tuned in just for the victories, you should scroll down to the section with "Victory" in the title.

Over the past month, its become clear that one of the biggest bases of support - not active support, but tacit complicity - lies within the NewsCorp media empire itself, on the MySpaceCDN servers owned by 20th Century Fox's "Intellectual Properties" division.

That in itself is ironic, because the whole point is that these are by and large neither creations, productions, nor licensed works of any NewsCorp enterprise. They are, rather, bootlegs being illegally copied by uploaders, and then repeatedly extra-legally copied by NewsCorp when they stream the files on request.

Killing a Creative Field by Loving their Work

Of course, these free video sites streaming hosts could not exist if they had to vet each and every upload - their revenue streams are not deep enough to pay for the army of video vetters that would be required. So the law permits these type of sites to operate on an "action on complaint" basis, where a copyright owner complains about an infringing work, and then the site either contests the claim or takes the work down.

The dilemma facing creators of collaborative works, trying to find a way to generate a stream of revenue to pay all of their collaborators, has been described by Clay Shirkey in Newspapers and Thinking the Unthinkable (whom I referred to in What Can Newspaper Reporting learn from Yuricon?, but I did not quote this section):
Back in 1993, the Knight-Ridder newspaper chain began investigating piracy of Dave Barry’s popular column, which was published by the Miami Herald and syndicated widely. In the course of tracking down the sources of unlicensed distribution, they found many things, including the copying of his column to alt.fan.dave_barry on usenet; a 2000-person strong mailing list also reading pirated versions; and a teenager in the Midwest who was doing some of the copying himself, because he loved Barry’s work so much he wanted everybody to be able to read it.

One of the people I was hanging around with online back then was Gordy Thompson, who managed internet services at the New York Times. I remember Thompson saying something to the effect of "When a 14 year old kid can blow up your business in his spare time, not because he hates you but because he loves you, then you got a problem." I think about that conversation a lot these days.

And of course, this precise dilemma is faced quite widely: this is precisely the challenge that the creators of Japanese anime are facing: what do you do when 14 year olds can blow your business model out of the model in their spare time? And motivated by a love of your work?

I have speculated on how to generate the finds to producer creative works based on small-sum crowd-financing by fans of the work. But for the creative fields that are facing financial stress, there is also the question of how to keep putting food on the tables of the creators while waiting for the future support systems to become established.

Anime is clearly an example of a creative field facing financial distress in the New Information Economy, and in the US market in particular. As I noted in the streaming anime site discussion that prompted Teaspoon Model:
The Synch-Point R1 division of Broccoli shut down in 2005. The Geneon USA division was shut down in December 3, 2007. Central Park Media filed for Chapter 7 bankruptcy liquidation in April of 2009. Last month, ADV finished the re-organization it was forced into by threat of insolvency, re-organizing as AEsir/Sentai and spinning off its production arm.

That leaves Viz Media, Bandai and Funimation as the substantial surviving dubbing houses, with AnimEigo, Manga, Media Blasters, and Nozomi all adopting lower overhead niche marketing distribution strategies focused on sub-only thinpack boxset distribution

The Rise of the Bootleg Streamers

The chart on the right is the Alexa "Reach" tracking of some of the current top site in the "AnimeToplist.com" site that allows bootleg video streaming sites to list themselves and viewers to vote for their preferred sites (this is done using the comparison feature at Alexa, so only the top-ranked site shows up in the above link).

Where the reach of a site is very "spiky", this shows that a lot of the viewers are following a particular favored show, and so the sites that can link to a streaming copy of the latest episode - which includes, of course, uploading the copy onto free streaming sites themselves - gets a surge in traffic as the viewer tune in. Of course, they get pageviews - the heavy lifting of streaming the video is done by the free streaming hosts, like MySpaceCDN.

In that particular popular bootleg site there is that notable dip that hit in the middle of this year. It may be that the site generated enough traffic to attract the attention of a copyright holder, with a sweep through one or more popular series leading the viewers to head elsewhere. That suspicion is strengthened when it is compared to one of the more popular single-series sites, that focused on "Naruto Shippuden", which receives an up-tick in reach at the same time.

But what can be done? If one site is the target of a sweep, social media networks will quickly spread word of what other sites to go to, for whatever shows have been disrupted. And if a site is prominent enough to be the target of the sweep, some of its viewers have become community members, and they will respond by working to upload replacements.

And there will always be replacements available. Bootleg anime downloads are available via torrent download, where the people downloading are also, as part of the process, uploading for others, so that there is no central storage site for a copyright or other rights holder to target. Any given rights holder only has incentive to target their own works, so while some popular series may be down, there will be others that are still available, maintaining the community.

If in the extreme, a site collapses under determined attack, it will just be recreated as one or more new sites - since the sites only link to the works, and do not stream the works themselves, they can survive on very slender revenue streams.

The Evolution of Crunchyroll

There was a different streaming site model. The site "Crunchyroll", the "Youtube of Anime", is a site that did its own streaming. However, this was not without its challenges, as found in forum postings on various decisions made in the course of its evolution. This from late in 2006:
Posted Dec 28 2006, edited Jan 22 2007
A lot has happened since the 23rd of December. I will leave out the little details and just focus on one thing. Shinji announced that we are now no longer able to upload or watch licensed material. So all videos that are licensed in the United States either have been removed or will be.

What had happened is as follows. Costs for running the site were rising quickly. This month there was 4 times as much traffic as compared to the previous month, according to alexa.com (as you can see in the link under this paragraph). Shinji estimated this month's bill to be at around $9,000. He later stated that he had somehow got enough money together to pay this off. So there are two reason for why all licensed material has been removed. 1, with less videos, there will be less traffic to the site and 2, he wont have to worry about the site being taken down by some company.

Early in 2008, thanks to strong donation revenues from supporting members, Crunchyroll was able to take down the web-ads:
after a long time of trying to combat crappy advertisements, i've decided to just take them down for now. there were some issues with the ads not always being family-friendly, or some shady ads that redirected people -_-...
crunchyroll originally started as a site for fun, it was a pure site that simply wanted everyone to experience the culture and joy that is asian media, but things are always more complicated than that -_-. so this is one of my attempts to make go back to crunchyroll roots and be purely about the user experience =D i want crunchyroll to be the best awesomest site on the internet ever, so it has to look good too, right? ;P

please please PLEASE thank the all crunchyroll star supporters for making this possible!!! without them, i wouldnt be able to do this. donations still aren't able to cover all of crunchyroll's costs, so i'll still continue finding ways to keep the site running~ but they do help a lot =D for sure i can keep ads off for 2 weeks, maybe longer..

please help out by donating here: http://www.crunchyroll.com/donate

Also in 2008, Crunchyroll was successful in negotiating for the producers of work to upload directly to the site:
Hi everyone,

I've been working hard with the great folks at ADVFilms to bring you guys a really cool Anime! starting today, CR is going to start showing episodes of the series Welcome to the N.H.K. right here for free for everyone in the U.S./Canada/U.K. (we'll be putting up 2 more episodes every week!) I think anyone who's a bit Otaku like me will find it really funny ^_^

Click to watch episode 1 and episode 2!

Also, ADV is running a special promotion to purchase the DVDs at half off. So please buy it to show your support!

Finally came the big announcement that Crunchyroll was changing from streaming videos uploaded by fans to videos uploaded by the producers of the work:
I'm working with TV TOKYO to bring you the best anime titles immediately after broadcast! Starting January 8th, we'll have the newest eps of Naruto Shippuden, Shugo Chara, Skip Beat!, and many other titles on CR with english subs for ppl everywhere possible (with some exceptions like Japan).

We're now working with so many great partners like Gonzo, Toei, ADV, Media Blasters, Directions, Udon, Organic, etc...and with their help, we've been able to bring some of the coolest Asian content to you guys. We are also working with even more partners in Japan to get permission to show all the content on the site (which means you can keep enjoying it!) Now with TV TOKYO, we're going to take CR to the next level--they're the largest anime TV station in Japan, they produced Bleach, Cowboy Bebop and premiered Eva (my fav anime of all time~!!)

This isn't any normal announcement, but the beginning of something awesome for Asian entertainment! CR has been growing so much that now so many companies from Japan, Korea, and everywhere are noticing and wanting to work closely with us. We'll be getting content straight from the source, so the quality of everything will be much better, and immediately available from our partners (so we don't need to wait for user uploads!) Plus by watching on CR, we can help support the anime producers so they keep making more great content. All of us at CR have been working really hard to make it happen! I know ppl have questions, and I don't have all the details yet cause we're working them out, but check back for updates!

As the announcement notes, there were more details to follow. The biggest detail was the primary release model, with paying subscribers ("premium members", at around $7/month) having access to most Crunchyroll series an hour after Japanese broadcast, and then most series becoming available for ad-supported free streaming a week later.

So now I turn to Alexa for Crunchyroll. For context, I give DailyKos (the red plot, ironically) as well as three of the bootleg anime streaming sites. In 2008, Crunchyroll is the dominant anime streaming site - even though by that time, they have an ongoing site policy to take down any anime that was licensed for distribution in the US, while most rival bootleg streaming sites are leech sites that link to free video streaming hosts.

With the new model, much long-time content - including unlicensed bootlegs of shows never licensed for US release - was taken down, with all material to be uploaded by the rights holder and distributed under the terms specified by the rights holder. As well, many non-US members were faced with the headache of a patchwork quilt of national distribution rights: with different national laws and different preferences of different broadcasters and DVD distributers, there is little rhyme or reason as to which series a non-US viewer will be able to view on Crunchyroll.

The impact of that on Crunchyroll's reach is dramatic - but of course, had already been funded primarily by a smaller number of donating members, now formalized as premium members.

Here is a look at the same information, focusing on the last month.

Now, the uniform picture of doom and gloom that would be gleaned from a quick glance at the red trend arrows is exaggerated by the anime release schedule, since the snapshot date happens to be in a lull in the weekly schedule. However, stepping back to the last traffic peak, the last weekly peek for Crunchyroll was a reach of around 0.075%. The four bloodsucker leech sites shown appear to be at roughly 0.02%, 0.015%, and two at 0.005% - a total of 0.045%.

And there are a host of others - another three or four at 0.005% and ten or twenty at 0.001% and where Crunchyroll clearly dominated the streaming sites in 2008, the bloodsucker leeches may now be gaining ground.

The Source of the Competition

However, the reason these bloodsucker leech sites proliferate is because they directly require such a small share of the total resources that they rely upon. The major part of the bandwidth resource is not paid by their server - its paid by the free streaming sites.

Data-mining the sites for links is what revealed the heavy reliance of one site on MySpaceCDN (this was the site that gained the attention when its site administer whined about FUNimation, one of the most aggressive rights holders in copyright enforcement, sending a legal notice to its server). Extending the same data-mining tools - "wget" and "sed", plus sed and batch scripts - to more sites showed that there are three main sites that these bloodsuckers rely upon for their free streaming - some relying primarily on one, some relying heavily on two or all three:
  • Megavideo
  • Veoh
  • MySpaceCDN

There are additional sites that are important supplementary sources, but these are the three primary sites.

Which means that the "Teaspoon Model" that I originally proposed simpler to get launched than I had at first imagined:
And swatting down that cloud of bloodsucking flies would seem to be impossible but still, I wonder. After all, as I noticed when I started looking into this - being an aggregator for material available elsewhere in the Internet means pointing to where to find the material. And the reason they attract memberships (they are presently trying to raise $100 for their new and improved site design) is because its time consuming to wander around the back alleys and dank corners of the Internet trying to find places where the bootleg material is available.

So this is what I was thinking. Perhaps a small, struggling company that wanted to reduce the density of the cloud of bloodsucking flies draining the work of the artists who create this material of market value could gain leverage not by trying to find the Super-Teaspoon - but by recruiting a supporting group, each armed with ordinary teaspoons.

There'd have to be at least one person at the company actually sending out the letters to the sites streaming the bootlegs - but they would be far more effective if backed up by ten or twenty people contributing a couple of hours a week tracking down where the material is located. Indeed, the "white hats" could drop in info on where to get the material legally while at the bootleg bloodsucker streaming sites, including the proliferating opportunities for legal free streams.

At the outset, the Teaspoon Model could focus on effective strategies for bootlegs uploaded to these three hosts. It would then be up to the bootleg streaming sites to come up with countering strategies - but as their free streams keep disappearing, the alternative of the licensed free streams, with no problem of shows vanishing and having to be replaced, there is at least the prospect that some will just give up trying to stream in direct competition with licensed free streams, and instead redirect US viewers to the licensed site for material that is legally available.

Celebrating Small Victories for the Teaspoon Model

That leaves the pragmatic question of how hard is it to pursue this model?

Note that what I have been doing in exploring is not the full-fledged Teaspoon Model, where a rights holder works with a community - though in a sense, the move of Crunchyroll from illegal streaming of unlicensed shows to uploading of shows by the rights holder was a move in the same spirit.

Rather, as I have been pursuing my research on this market, I have been emailing the lists of links to various stakeholders, including both rights holders of various sorts and the free streaming hosts.

Megavideo Megavideo is the most straightforward case. Whenever they receive a cc: of a long list of bootleg anime on their servers, those animes disappear. The same was true of the big set of links I gleaned of series competing directly against licensed free streams from Crunchyroll. Of 1,700 links (some of them duplicates across the two sites), over 99% have been taken down.

Veoh Veoh has been more hit and miss. After taking down almost all links from an earlier list they received, their first receipt of the latest collection of links seemed to generate no response. However, of the two sites I was examining, one had no Veoh links at all - but a large number of links hidden behind a php server. Further investigation showed that these were backdoor links to files that Veoh used to stream videos.

However, it may be that the anime site that so cleverly went through the backdoor for files at Veoh servers shot itself in the foot. After Veoh received those links, almost all of them went down. The Veoh embedded streaming player, of course, gives viewers a path to the Veoh site - and it seems that Veoh is not so keen on passively streaming files, hidden behind the bootleg anime sites streaming player. Between that and the final phase, reported in the next session, that is a total of 943 unique Veoh links taken down.

MySpaceCDN There was, however, no evident response from MySpaceCDN. On other other hand, when looking at the drop/retention rates of the Veoh files, I saw that some series were clearly receiving attention from another party. There were not enough of my links going down for it to be coming off of the lists I had distributed - but too many to be background turnover..

Looking at the AnimeNewsNetwork, I saw that those were TV Tokyo shows. It is, of course, not surprising that I had a lot of TV Tokyo shows in my lists of links, since last week I focused on series competing head to head with Crunchyroll, and their deal with TV Tokyo was the foundation of their move to all-licensed streaming.

Still, I went looking, and found some TV Tokyo email addresses, and forwarded the links. And today, I checked my master list of MySpaceCDN and, finally, after nothing bus frustration on the MySpaceCDN front, success. 523 MySpaceCDN series taken down.

So, while there is no indication that Rupert Murdoch's MySpaceCDN servers have abandoned its tacit complicity with the bootleg anime streaming sites: when faced with a demand from a rights holder, even NewsCorp must submit.

And even, as a research project, I put more work into this than an ordinary community supporter might do - on the other hand that was over 2,500 bootleg streams coming down as a result.

Looking Ahead to the Teaspoon Model

One thing that has become clear is that the strategy of using the bootleg host streaming sites to find, organize, and present links to bootleg animes on the big free streaming sites is much more efficient than wading through those big streaming sites themselves. Finding, organizing and presenting of the links is, after all, what the bootleg streaming sites are doing.

Provided that the conduit to TV Tokyo remains open, it would only take an hour or two a week to collect new releases and a few hundred of links from back catalogs - and, of course, the links are readily collected with full series and episode information, as all the popular sites include that information in their html page title code. Another hour to vet that the links are live, and the list is ready for sending on.

Clearly, if the original rights holder cooperates, a small group of five to ten supporters of a licensed streaming site could hold a market space for a licensed streaming site to operate with only a modest contribution of time from each. The group would require one or two members with some skill in writing scripts for stream editing - which could be Perl, sed, awk, or even Forth. But other than that, all it would require is the access to the internet.

Sunday, November 15, 2009

Sunday Train: The Birmingham Hub

Burning the Midnight Oil for Living Energy Independence

Programming Note: I recently received for review a copy of Waiting on a Train by James McCommons, published by Chelsea Green Publishing. I'll likely be talking about it next week, but til then, you can read James Kunstler's Intro online at AlterNet.

Back in early September, I discussed the Steel Interstate in the context of the Appalachian Hub. The concept of the Steel Interstate is electrifying main rail corridors and establishing 100mph Rapid Freight Rail paths.

The broadest application of this concept is the proposal to Electrify STRACNET, the STrategic RAil Corridor NETwork.

The Appalachian Hub, recall, is a hypothetical Emerging/Regional HSR passenger rail network, modeled on the Midwest Hub and Ohio Hub plans.

And it is hypothetical, of course, because the state governments of the Appalachian regiona have been laying down on the job. The High Speed Rail corridor planning framework established under the Clinton Administration in the 90's is a bottom-up system, with states establishing High Speed Rail commissions, advancing plans to the stage of gaining designation as a HSR corridor, sorting out the financing, and applying for Federal funding.

This was almost entirely a "paper railroad" process during the eight years of the aggressively anti-railroad Bush administration. Of course, the low priority place on national security by the Bush Administration was most dramatically shown in its willingness to send US service men and women to fight and die overseas in pursuit of narrow partisan political advantage and the interests of the Oil Lobby ... but their aggressive anti-rail stance was yet another example of sacrificing US national security on the alter of the interests of the Oil Lobby.

In a a large sub-continental nation that imports 2/3 of the petroleum it consumes, the capacity to haul freight across the country by domestically generated electric energy is important for allowing our economy to cope with oil price shocks without collapsing into recession.

At the same time, its vital logistic support capacity for national security in the event of a serious disruption of a major oil export sea lane.

And its not just the Bush family that sacrifices US national security so that it can pander to foreign and domestic oil interests ... its a trait of the modern Republican Party to use tough talk on US national security as a smoke cover for their policies which betray national security for thirty pieces of silver.

So the hypothetical Appalachian Hub includes Steel Interstates built on Electrification of STRACNET. But don't get the priority turned around - the electrification of STRACNET is a vital national priority, while the adoption of those corridors for the Appalachian Hub is an effort to leverage that foundation policy to gain additional benefit for the Appalachian region.

The Central Appalachian Hub

This is the context for the Appalachian Hub: the state-based system of HSR corridor planning has resulted in extensive plans backed up by ongoing incremental improvements in the Northeast, Great Lakes and eastern Midwest, and the Atlantic Coast down to North Carolina.

In the area south and east of South Carolina, there is some notional planning for extending the Southeast Corridor to Florida and for a Gulf Coast corridor - but not backed up by the same state level support as elsewhere in the Eastern US. And in West Virgina, Kentucky and Tennessee, not even that much.

In that context, I sketched in two Steel Interstate corridors, to be used as the backbone of an Appalachian Hub. This first is the Steel Interstate proposed by Roanoke-based RAIL Solution from Harrisburg, PA to Knoxville, TN, extended along the STRACNET corridor from Knoxville through Chattanooga, Nashville and on to Memphis. The second cuts across Tennessee and Kentucky, following the STRACNET corridor from Cincinnati through Louisville, Nashville, and Chattanooga to Altlanta - and connecting into the Midwest and Ohio Hubs at the north and the Southeast and Gulf corridors in the South.

So, there's the backbone in Kentucky and Tennessee (note in the figure that an off-STRACNET Louisville-Indianapolis option is included, as a more direct Nashville/Chicago route) ...

... and I have previously looked at the more northern part of the Appalachian region in West Virginia and Pennsylvania ...

... but when looking at the STRACNET map, there is a part of Southern Appalachia that looks like it should be far more than just a stop along the way for the Gulf Coast corridor.

The Birmingham Hub

Birmingham, Alabama is one of the clearest hubs in the STRACNET system. In addition to the corridors to Atlanta and New Orleans in the Gulf Coast Corridor, there are STRACNET corridors to Pensacola, Chattanooga, Nashville, and Memphis.

So that's what I am adding here. Note that the STRACNET corridors to Nashville and Memphis are not that far apart in Northern Alabama, so that an alternative Memphis alignment option is noted that runs from the STRACNET corridor at Decatur, Alabama to the STRACNET corridor at Florence, Alabama.

It is, of course, no accident that Birmingham occupies the place that it does in STRACNET. Nor is it pure political pork landed by some long-serving Alabama Senator or House Committee Chair. It is, rather, simple geography: when looking at the lay of the land in Southern Appalachia, Birmingham is located in a major valley between the Appalachian ranges to the east and foothills running off to the west.

This is a view of the Birmingham Hub lines as they run into Birmingham. It is, indeed, possible to organize the Hub into three corridors - Atlanta/Memphis, Chattanooga/New Orleans and Pensacola/Nashville. However, its not possible for all three to share a common transfer station in downtown Birmingham, since they converge on T-triangle to the east of the current Amtrak station, with Chattanooga and Atlanta on the eastern one leg, Nashville and Memphis on the northern leg, and Pensacola and New Orleans on the southern leg.

This offers an additional reason to run the Memphis route on the Nashville Corridor to Decatur and then run west to Florence. Then the Atlanta/Memphis corridor would have its own central Birmingham station, and transfer with the other two corridors at other locations: the outer suburban eastern Birmingham station to transfer with the Chattanooga/New Orleans corridor and the outer suburban northern Birmingham station to transfer with the Pensacola/Nashville corridor.

Financing the Birmingham Hub

The core of the financing of the Birmingham Hub is the financing of Steel Interstates. Construction of a State Interstate implies development of electrified Rapid Rail paths that support on-time freight delivery - whether by construction of dedicated Rapid Rail track or by construction of Rapid-Rail compatible track with time-slice allocation between Rapid Rail and Express Heavy Freight rail.

With the a Steel Interstate in place, establishment of Emerging/Regional Higher Speed Rail passenger services is a matter of building stations, where required, buying the trains, and hiring the staff. These trains will have higher revenue per mile than existing conventional Amtrak trains, lower staff costs per mile, due to the higher speed, and lower cost for traction per mile, as a result of electric traction.

Note that some operating subsidies may be required - just as the passenger aviation and passenger road systems require ongoing operating subsidies. However, if typical long distance Amtrak trains have operating recovery ratios of 40% to 50%, it seems a plausible goal for these corridors to reach 80% or higher operating recovery - and in the event of oil price shocks, which increase the need for operating subsidies for road and air transport, it seems likely that many of these corridors should generate operating surpluses.

Since freight rail already largely pays for the infrastructure it uses, unlike the air and road freight it competes against, and the Steel Interstate will reduce operating costs while improving its ability to compete, it is possible to leverage public investment in Steel Interstate projects by focusing on subsidizing interests costs while relying on user and access fees to refund the original capital costs.

In Sunday Train: Supporting Rail Electrification with the Climate Bill (11 October), I described a means of funding investments in Steel Interstates by allowing states to use part of their share of CO2 emission fees for subsidizing interest costs of building these systems. Additional sources of revenue could include:
  • a per-mile user fee for long-haul trucks on the Interstate Highways, divided between State Highway Funds (to offset the inability of states to effectively tax the long haul trucks that rip up their roads) and a Steel Interstate fund
  • a $5/barrel tax on imported petroleum, scaling down to $2 when the price of crude oil passes from $80/barrel to $120/barrel
  • or, indeed, since this is a critical public investment with far more effective counter-inflationary impacts than the current standard counter-inflationary policy of running the economy in first gear to avoid people getting pay increases, an entitlement to a certain amount of Steel Interstate interest subsidy per capita could simply be appropriated.

Conclusions ...

The Appalachian Hub is an ongoing project, and so more critical than coming to any tentative conclusions at this point is to throw the floor open for discussion.

Friday, November 13, 2009

Action: Citizen's Tax on Rupert 'the Pirate' Murdoch

Check last week's review of the story so far.

Act on Friday, 4pm and 10pm Eastern, 1pm and 7pm Pacific.

The diary this week is to throw the floor open. I have listed the various reasons why I am happy to impose a Direct Action Citizen's Tax on Rupert "The Pirate" Murdoch. The focus this week is on you. What do you have against Rupert "The Pirate" Murdoch?
  • His Hypocrisy?
  • His War-Mongering?
  • His Vicious Union-Busting Politics?
  • The further destruction of our political discourse, also known as "Fox News"?
  • His ongoing fight in support of monopoly power in the media?
  • ...or whatever - share it in the comments.

The ongoing story of the "Teaspoon Model" is below the fold, and after that, instructions on how to impose the Direct Action Citizen's Tax, and The List.

_____________ {pretend this is the fold} _______________

Yesterday (Thursday), I used the scripting tools I developed last week, and took it to two larger bootleg streaming sites. I focused on the bootlegs they were streaming in competition with the site Crunchyroll.

Rupert Murdoch's MySpaceCDN servers are the biggest streaming support host at one of the two, and second biggest at the other, which had a strong preference for MegaVideo. However, as discussed last week, in the first Teaspoon Model experiment, MegaVideo was among the three "White Hats" - Megavideo, Veoh, and Imeem - simply taking out the trash when they were cc:'d the list sent to the rights owner, without seeming to wait around for the formal Cease and Desist letter.

That is not to say I assume they view it as a sacrifice - Veoh and Megavideo are pursuing models of ad-supported streaming, and most advertisers are reluctant to be associated with bootleg, unlicensed content. But from the perspective of a beleaguered niche media industry like the US Anime industry, the attitude of the hosts that receive many of these uploads is encouraging.

How many? Let me tabulate the main hosts on the three sites I have explored so far.

Host 1st Site 2nd Site 3rd Site total
MySpaceCDN 461 911 419 1,791
MegaVideo 81 725 969 1,775
Hidden* 47 594 0 641
Veoh 22 0* 497 519
YouTube*** 18 20 112 150
Video.Mail.ru 0 56 58 114
Clip.vn 0 13 70 83
MySpace 47 13 93 153

{* One site relies heavily on "hiding" its links. Preliminary investigation indicates that these are links that it is hiding from other streaming sites "stealing" them, since once the link is translated to text, it points to a location in its host called "/damnthief/", which translates the Id text into an off-site stream. I believe many of these are streamed from Veoh.

The irony of uploading bootleg animes to leech of free hosting sites in competition against streaming sites like Crunchyroll that pay the original creators is likely lost on them.}

{** Youtube numbers are inflated, since two or three YouTube clips are normally required for one anime episode.}

What the Action is and How to Participate

The Action consists of charging the MySpaceCDN servers, owned by NewsCorp Subsidiary 20th Century Fox, a "tax" by requesting that they do the same thing for us that they are doing for the bootleg anime streaming sites - stream the file. Bandwidth costs money, and while any one of us as an individual cannot use a noticeable amount of bandwidth, if we all do it at the same time, and bring our friends in on the action, it can start to add up.

How to participate. Note that you should be sure that you are on a broadband system without a bandwidth surcharge - the point is to impose a Direct Citizen Tax on Rupert's media empire, not to impose a tax on participants.

What you do is emulate the process that the streaming players use - except by skipping the streaming playing, you have greater ability to download multiple streams at the same time. Right click on the links and save them to disk. For the first one, create a temporary directory to save them into. Then when they are downloaded, delete the temporary directory.

Each file will be about 60Mbyte-80MB, so if your hard drive space is limited, you could, if you wished, download a batch, delete the downloads and empty your trash, then repeat.

I've already emailed Hulu.com, copied to MySpace and 20th Century Fox, to alert them to the bootleg streaming taking place from MySpaceCDN servers. So you could also, if you wish, send an email to media@Hulu.com and ask them whether they are serious about continuing as an ad-supported free streaming, and if they are, whether they have been forwarding these links to the copyright owners for action, or else requesting that NewsCorp, one of their owners, takes action itself to remove the bootleg streams they provide in competition with Hulu.com's licensed streams.

The links are a long list below the rundown on the diaries posted on this issue over the past three weeks as I have been learning things and passing them on.

Act on Friday, 4pm and 10pm Eastern, 1pm and 7pm Pacific.

By request, I am working on a way to automate this, since the command-line web tool "wget" has an option to download and erase a file using the web address.

A selected list of some of the Crunchyroll series available for free streaming, competing against parasite sites: 11Eyes, The Book of Bantorra, Aoi Hana, Asura_Cryin, CODE GEASS: Lelouch of the Rebellion, Fairy Tale, Hanasakeru Seishonen, Miracle Train, Naruto Shippuden, Sasameki Koto, Shugo Chara, Sora No Otoshimono, Tegami Bachi: Letter Bee, White Album.

The List

11 Eyes ep-1 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/178/vid_b959ed011b8442a585e9f4d7a7a68622.flv
11 Eyes ep-2 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/227/vid_2efe0de4c3624cf59de17cbd5950b399.flv
11eyes - ep-1 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/124/vid_cb30759275c540da8352883482c3f783.flv
11eyes - ep-2 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/227/vid_2efe0de4c3624cf59de17cbd5950b399.flv
11eyes - ep-3 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/160/vid_620716bbef2b4307a19e33002a7a0396.flv
11eyes - ep-5 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/134/vid_2a59e437c90f4605868d21838c726dd9.flv
11eyes - ep-6 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/150/vid_72883fcd7c804e87a099c7619f422310.flv
Aoi Hana - ep-10 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/154/vid_45cf3cacfbe2489dbadf0e372f34f30a.flv
Aoi Hana - ep-2 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/226/vid_bd651f38d8ee4f06a2763b9eb04cb4b4.flv
Aoi Hana - ep-3 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/232/vid_33d003e37f6b4cba970b42fdb55a3710.flv
Aoi Hana - ep-4 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/178/vid_103716c4eb28416bb59233d4dfd7e169.flv
Aoi Hana - ep-5 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/175/vid_2155f5b765b444ee83dd86ba848ab0de.flv
Aoi Hana - ep-6 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/164/vid_4a22a73cc538412eba5a20c182f8a1b8.flv
Aoi Hana - ep-9 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/114/vid_1e1a955e8d604aa8807d9cab0b2beb0d.flv
Aoi Hana ep-2 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/226/vid_5266410a9f8145deaec2a513140269ba.flv
Aoi Hana ep-2 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/226/vid_bd651f38d8ee4f06a2763b9eb04cb4b4.flv
Aoi Hana ep-3 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/232/vid_33d003e37f6b4cba970b42fdb55a3710.flv
Aoi Hana ep-3 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/98/vid_b5d99be896254c6e9c19e3f79bb0f509.flv
Aoi Hana ep-4 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/178/vid_103716c4eb28416bb59233d4dfd7e169.flv
Aoi Hana ep-5 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/175/vid_2155f5b765b444ee83dd86ba848ab0de.flv
Aoi Hana ep-6 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/164/vid_4a22a73cc538412eba5a20c182f8a1b8.flv
Aoi Hana ep-6 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/213/vid_50d0bbdaac4941c394ea8d7bebe350cc.flv
Aoi Hana ep-9 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/114/vid_1e1a955e8d604aa8807d9cab0b2beb0d.flv
Asura Cryin' - ep-1 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/124/vid_3622c8db50264463bdc2179195ac5c15.flv
Asura Cryin' - ep-2 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/229/vid_d3b92f7a36d146f586ab9ec90680c83a.flv
Asura Cryin' - ep-4 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/134/vid_c68f4e3030164befaa42021e316eed94.flv
Asura Cryin' - ep-6 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/219/vid_6b2f51bc43ae4a02b0f1b414b1e463d3.flv
Asura Cryin' 2 - ep-2 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/108/vid_2380ff2352f64deaa0072c440368b4bf.flv
Asura Cryin' 2 - ep-5 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/217/vid_97a6920b97884ea39b597fdf16a3a939.flv
Asura Cryin' 2 - ep-6 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/124/vid_33d4404ae035400b89b465d55bba21f9.flv
Asura Cryin' 2 - ep-7 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/214/vid_3331a7c48032404e95e1ebd2d76fd041.flv
Asura Cryin' ep-1 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/124/vid_3622c8db50264463bdc2179195ac5c15.flv
Asura Cryin' ep-10 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/148/vid_59b9ec299ac24983a9a5c8263b7c19eb.flv
Asura Cryin' ep-11 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/176/vid_bbba16750165472d925628206e0d17c7.flv
Asura Cryin' ep-12 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/114/vid_a9ade428de84445b9c83f9ced317409e.flv
Asura Cryin' ep-2 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/98/vid_1729385c8f864416a3cfae177cf58855.flv
Asura Cryin' ep-3 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/167/vid_6d492fdd5f5d4c8da0d88f636c370352.flv
Asura Cryin' ep-4 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/124/vid_d5b01cc47243425a9a5b0a4cb3637550.flv
Asura Cryin' ep-5 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/234/vid_15a9efe835794c4d8a97a7d3664ec0a6.flv
Asura Cryin' ep-6 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/219/vid_6b2f51bc43ae4a02b0f1b414b1e463d3.flv
Asura Cryin' ep-6 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/123/vid_b2a0db2bdb23478688852f72053a5ae1.flv
Asura Cryin' ep-7 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/200/vid_4ee86807f44642a992657017cb322495.flv
Asura Cryin' ep-9 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/140/vid_b33490ed48e14b9db8be41e3f7e6e0f7.flv
Asura Cryin' Season 2 ep-1 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/103/vid_877d445269044973a4e416cbffc00cd7.flv
Asura Cryin' Season 2 ep-2 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/108/vid_2380ff2352f64deaa0072c440368b4bf.flv
Asura Cryin' Season 2 ep-2 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/203/vid_2522ead889984b238796de9f234fd87a.flv
Asura Cryin' Season 2 ep-3 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/177/vid_a5b4294250a4482da97fb56080b43790.flv
Asura Cryin' Season 2 ep-5 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/217/vid_97a6920b97884ea39b597fdf16a3a939.flv
Asura Cryin’ - ep-10 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/138/vid_bbca43e6d1464f2d83060f17583c46d5.flv
Asura Cryin’ - ep-9 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/140/vid_b33490ed48e14b9db8be41e3f7e6e0f7.flv
Asura Cryin’ Second Season ep-4 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/228/vid_fb9b019e562048a2993746365103958a.flv
Blassreiter ep-1 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/216/vid_22b21abc1d9e42b89cd9969ee1835226.flv
Chi's New Address ep-1 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/105/vid_2127e4712a914dd3877464628503518e.flv
Chi's New Address ep-11 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/98/vid_dba669aa31c8403b8789e7bfb2519c98.flv
Chi's New Address ep-12 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/101/vid_ed2fe73d403247729205d7ea8f5d866f.flv
Chi's New Address ep-14 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/219/vid_f8e67b88eb7d49d69b184a4db5fd03c9.flv
Chi's New Address ep-3 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/172/vid_3db96970d1c043868b883d077093b4e1.flv
Chi's New Address ep-6 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/151/vid_5db13c1c5dc04eedb49b96642441af0f.flv
Chi's New Address ep-7 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/239/vid_58e282be5f0b4eb696f83014d742053b.flv
Chi's New Address ep-9 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/142/vid_2caa1c2edffb4ee5b0c67a4bca5c9615.flv
Chrono Crusade ep-1 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/61/vid_e3d62dbb251d46a9ba758898ca456078.flv
Chrono Crusade ep-10 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/163/vid_ddb02e9660bc4a6ab27996961e591e70.flv
Chrono Crusade ep-15 http://cache02-videos02.myspacecdn.com/74/vid_e9c9c17e708243d5a5902021ead7dd3c.flv
Chrono Crusade ep-19 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/154/vid_d85fd6ff0c4142d1abc8efaa32b82cc8.flv
Chrono Crusade ep-20 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/127/vid_be4bcf0df4134b49ba699701309a2880.flv
Chrono Crusade ep-21 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/224/vid_b22b20d8be86479f998e1bb92afcb692.flv
Fairy Tail - ep-1 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/103/vid_09ef7c211e994b4f93ba05686dd0e72c.flv
Fairy Tail ep-1 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/136/vid_c13594d14f9f4b5281772b7d639d8b71.flv
Fairy Tail ep-2 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/166/vid_554e220aeac443978782e2848b6743b7.flv
Fairy Tail ep-2 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/211/vid_1d948466bef443769e32331e58c5b30f.flv
Fairy Tail ep-3 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/176/vid_a1fa4b76325b44dcbe611390159d480f.flv
Fairy Tail ep-3 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/182/vid_ecc1bc05f7304d40bd7502949218fb82.flv
Fairy Tail ep-4 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/102/vid_c386d8c0b5504ac7bc237b3717c92861.flv
Fairy Tail ep-5 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/212/vid_89fd3377e0ee4417bd87521780ff2031.flv
Fairy Tale ep-1 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/103/vid_09ef7c211e994b4f93ba05686dd0e72c.flv
Hanasakeru Seishounen ep-1 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/193/vid_fb9058c029ab4fa6b09c04b9b35bc006.flv
Hanasakeru Seishounen ep-10 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/222/vid_9993162cad574bd79e939a5677d95af3.flv
Hanasakeru Seishounen ep-11 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/162/vid_7a3ec361d7f648d0b5a8c3471bad8e89.flv
Hanasakeru Seishounen ep-12 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/151/vid_b9a5e14d42264dbbb4e30c5ee5788800.flv
Hanasakeru Seishounen ep-12.5 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/120/vid_3cd0836ebcee4897a7a43c9a88cce3cc.flv
Hanasakeru Seishounen ep-13 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/120/vid_3cd0836ebcee4897a7a43c9a88cce3cc.flv
Hanasakeru Seishounen ep-14 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/174/vid_872b32d812734bd696e0cadadb99b437.flv
Hanasakeru Seishounen ep-15 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/131/vid_eadb43798b5248ff9d3f99481e6518f2.flv
Hanasakeru Seishounen ep-16 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/101/vid_ddf85e2ce3fa4d9cbcc30915d84ed94a.flv
Hanasakeru Seishounen ep-17 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/109/vid_b956f6a053894cba98cedac0934e002f.flv
Hanasakeru Seishounen ep-17 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/231/vid_09722c4f66be4dbe9c0390fe469d76d8.flv
Hanasakeru Seishounen ep-18 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/135/vid_4a5f857981334a679bdfe3d227abb6a1.flv
Hanasakeru Seishounen ep-18 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/169/vid_081ddd07f13d46c58c24d6b2f0fdafd8.flv
Hanasakeru Seishounen ep-19 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/152/vid_65db8957af874d2d9006d65a6e8557a2.flv
Hanasakeru Seishounen ep-19 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/225/vid_2a975e75dab44baa885c74252914fbfe.flv
Hanasakeru Seishounen ep-2 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/122/vid_5d0ef0e55c60478b8073ceb2bc796ea9.flv
Hanasakeru Seishounen ep-20 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/123/vid_6f5db1b0f1184cf4895844a3cbb6bc17.flv
Hanasakeru Seishounen ep-21 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/113/vid_1fe1292c865a49ad95360aec73f8cc95.flv
Hanasakeru Seishounen ep-22 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/135/vid_10c157b8c9a340e697538f062cc89c37.flv
Hanasakeru Seishounen ep-23 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/224/vid_5d422caa1af7459d9e37f22146ea488e.flv
Hanasakeru Seishounen ep-24 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/238/vid_ea68368edccc46b081e762d29fcd10b6.flv
Hanasakeru Seishounen ep-25 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/238/vid_a5a3290a71b04d81815415499d336cb9.flv
Hanasakeru Seishounen ep-26 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/182/vid_abb9ec8136104981a16882778a9a1064.flv
Hanasakeru Seishounen ep-3 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/122/vid_cf8b6f72fa86492999c75d828e4e28ab.flv
Hanasakeru Seishounen ep-4 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/111/vid_2161ec5690a5438c9399f9353c9e8a47.flv
Hanasakeru Seishounen ep-5 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/139/vid_9cb9e5f430264c4290104c212a2b390b.flv
Hanasakeru Seishounen ep-5 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/234/vid_1feca74dc4074088b32b2a64d3d1dd19.flv
Hanasakeru Seishounen ep-6 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/147/vid_773bc52d977948e2a0a13088e393c08e.flv
Hanasakeru Seishounen ep-6 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/228/vid_d5eacebc023a4042812565202393dd57.flv
Hanasakeru Seishounen ep-7 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/138/vid_7932dda66ce2432ca14e7626be83ac6e.flv
Hanasakeru Seishounen ep-7 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/138/vid_7932dda66ce2432ca14e7626be83ac6e.flv
Hanasakeru Seishounen ep-8 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/118/vid_f690e391e5894ff5b2a27f3e8cbb2620.flv
Hanasakeru Seishounen ep-9 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/201/vid_d4fb932e49694fc4943cfeda61291449.flv
Hanasakeru Seishounen ep-9 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/205/vid_fa33bc7732c24913b0616fad86600c66.flv
Happiness ep-1 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/95/vid_2fbb2577da014b43a30f00744f055eea.flv
Happiness ep-10 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/2/vid_3b596ca5029147479efd3a6ff0d23e37.flv
Happiness ep-11 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/86/vid_ce2c247dd77443c8a4df1f95da7b9f70.flv
Happiness ep-12 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/35/vid_2d7985753e1545c9a3b998242f18eb05.flv
Happiness ep-2 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/88/vid_0e6e7a1a205c4a6691c2e9b0ad5a3eaf.flv
Happiness ep-3 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/14/vid_3f9bfbe3135149b88973634b54875f11.flv
Happiness ep-5 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/114/vid_5222b35717084c9d96000745957276b4.flv
Happiness ep-6 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/6/vid_8d7add7a286d481689bb880a3c5ff13e.flv
Happiness ep-7 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/29/vid_10ce59976e8548d286a2d595200395e5.flv
Happiness ep-8 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/20/vid_0608bb70b0d6498cb52d510323ff0fc8.flv
Happiness ep-9 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/23/vid_c0901a161f474901a6149a4ab2c29b87.flv
Happiness Epsiode 4 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/70/vid_8f98457762064b7f87fd6f489cbd8ff1.flv
Happiness! ep-2 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/88/vid_0e6e7a1a205c4a6691c2e9b0ad5a3eaf.flv
Happiness! ep-7 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/29/vid_10ce59976e8548d286a2d595200395e5.flv
Happiness! ep-8 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/20/vid_0608bb70b0d6498cb52d510323ff0fc8.flv
Happiness! OVA http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/93/vid_950640a09d35408ba0df5d9aebcea2c2.flv
Hyakko ep-2 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/61/vid_dcbd396b0770810b25d5c779347b176c.flv
Hyakko ep-5 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/33/vid_2fee622f4c1d42fdb5d4318c59296907.flv
Hyakko ep-6 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/24/vid_da90472286ff443c969110529085f4f5.flv
Hyakko ep-7 http://cache02-videos02.myspacecdn.com/68/vid_ca96b05784f141bda4b6672fd4d928eb.flv
Hyakko ep-9 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/39/vid_1f2fe8b177fd4fa5a3fa504af4e27d73.flv
Kaleido Star ep-12 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/237/vid_d4d7060722e64080ab94df77a8bac0ae.flv
Kaleido Star ep-14 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/111/vid_6f52cee1a11c43b78277ae20545dd3d3.flv
Kanamemo - ep-13 [Final] http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/99/vid_94c318ff17bf4fc9a082a60452ebd03b.flv
Kanamemo - ep-2 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/139/vid_005214b1ea5f4ebda03b4d05645b3a6b.flv
Kanamemo - ep-5 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/116/vid_f0965193d6474cadb01c2789326b3e60.flv
Kanamemo - ep-6 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/142/vid_c41fdaf182a148768c55a52c77f339c3.flv
Kanamemo - ep-7 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/110/vid_46c67fbf4221477f8e9869bdf0763685.flv
Kanamemo - ep-8 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/188/vid_2220f942f81945ba9b4a700996bc6d90.flv
Kanamemo - ep-9 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/194/vid_b9ae13008f3f4271b07b757812e979ea.flv
Kanamemo ep-1 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/128/vid_8a6dbad9b5dd47829b889fb1aaa6b0ac.flv
Kanamemo ep-10 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/187/vid_ed7e58da146a443eba19e0ee7ccef69f.flv
Kanamemo ep-10 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/206/vid_3175de1bdb664572827332f3a750b3dc.flv
Kanamemo ep-11 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/196/vid_00127e22f72243d0a78724f1f18b7339.flv
Kanamemo ep-13 [Final] http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/99/vid_94c318ff17bf4fc9a082a60452ebd03b.flv
Kanamemo ep-2 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/139/vid_005214b1ea5f4ebda03b4d05645b3a6b.flv
Kanamemo ep-3 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/126/vid_95a1266034924f349affb3f7bd3d0bbb.flv
Kanamemo ep-4 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/131/vid_f98fa6b93a284bfcb2b46cafda0c370d.flv
Kanamemo ep-5 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/116/vid_f0965193d6474cadb01c2789326b3e60.flv
Kanamemo ep-5 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/131/vid_f98fa6b93a284bfcb2b46cafda0c370d.flv
Kanamemo ep-6 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/142/vid_c41fdaf182a148768c55a52c77f339c3.flv
Kanamemo ep-6 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/168/vid_5240610b8a184804a0a6f1c3f838137d.flv
Kanamemo ep-7 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/110/vid_46c67fbf4221477f8e9869bdf0763685.flv
Kanamemo ep-8 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/188/vid_2220f942f81945ba9b4a700996bc6d90.flv
Kanamemo ep-9 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/194/vid_b9ae13008f3f4271b07b757812e979ea.flv
Kurokami - ep-15 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/199/vid_0fe604f8d9be498c88099e44dba76542.flv
Kurokami - ep-16 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/118/vid_9263f0eb60534f6d970c49aa47c1ddf6.flv
Kurokami - ep-17 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/149/vid_a66f077db49b431f98b4d73c84fc515d.flv
Kurokami - ep-18 http://d3.ac-videos.myspacecdn.com/videos02/196/vid_fbec2d6ea82f4050b10ae342a872424a.flv
Kurokami - ep-19 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/150/vid_141d1b2f43084265b425ae0c588e3451.flv
Kurokami - ep-20 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/147/vid_9a4fd090068341578c4a5f68b057da2c.flv
Kurokami - ep-21 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/176/vid_fc7f00da533c457ca9df05cdc10c4ce5.flv
Kurokami - ep-23 [Final] http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/211/vid_5bcf610b148b405d86f95680a803aed7.flv
Kurokami ep-1 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/13/vid_97e3d86fca954bfab9e4e20235f4c463.flv
Kurokami ep-2 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/19/vid_c279926184434180b51d8e67d8e73f93.flv
Kurokami ep-4 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/79/vid_c7b75026663845b29366ca62c46219c3.flv
Kurokami ep-5 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/23/vid_0fc402db5fb44df78004497eafe2d7b6.flv
Kurokami ep-6 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/12/vid_e370bb82870e4c9dbb5e49ce9ad6ecbd.flv
La Corda D'Oro ~primo passo~ ep-10 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/112/vid_432037b88a86476eb7d8f0af8c3f7d2d.flv
La Corda D'Oro ~primo passo~ ep-12 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/193/vid_3d8cf866780d40faa6709ee6f4df48bc.flv
La Corda D'Oro ~primo passo~ ep-13 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/122/vid_cf86e8ab88974554af8afde1bcc21904.flv
La Corda D'Oro ~primo passo~ ep-14 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/150/vid_3a3565a4285c40e082dbb360c0179809.flv
La Corda D'Oro ~primo passo~ ep-15 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/163/vid_0a1c1e405c88428c98979ed23c12cb8c.flv
La Corda D'Oro ~primo passo~ ep-16 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/139/vid_d3f7c6518d2d4bce9dc5af3b39ec7626.flv
La Corda D'Oro ~primo passo~ ep-17 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/222/vid_f3778ba9019348bc8dd694011b54c842.flv
La Corda D'Oro ~primo passo~ ep-18 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/167/vid_3e8f83d1b8a74625b9b4081eb2fda5de.flv
La Corda D'Oro ~primo passo~ ep-19 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/138/vid_959c97307c7d436397d169fc10f8ffca.flv
La Corda D'Oro ~primo passo~ ep-20 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/104/vid_679fdaabb84f4f8bb4aae911387fcec1.flv
La Corda D'Oro ~primo passo~ ep-21 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/112/vid_432037b88a86476eb7d8f0af8c3f7d2d.flv
La Corda D'Oro ~primo passo~ ep-23 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/119/vid_5fea3708d1bf403b80e8eb9858d9b111.flv
La Corda D'Oro ~primo passo~ ep-8 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/118/vid_356d0fa405a142119c90115b409df1ce.flv
La Corda D'Oro ~primo passo~ ep-9 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/114/vid_ff685fa77df34248bda51d4954255f6b.flv
La Corda D’Oro ~secondo passo~ ep-2 (special) http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/193/vid_1f27e7f2f0a040cca9f36a50632cfcd5.flv
Last Exile - ep-10 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/53/vid_e09c0d0e20e2a7b15bf985685f70da37.flv
Last Exile - ep-11 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/42/vid_0c22c64eed5405a0b37f0a91137edf6f.flv
Last Exile - ep-2 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/76/vid_8c30e67659e3462497d80ef77ce51eec.flv
Last Exile - ep-24 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/17/vid_d9c6a857c5d84112a176cc5f2a9ba36c.flv
Last Exile - ep-26 [Final] http://cache02-videos02.myspacecdn.com/67/vid_8e7b066ee5464ab792ab4e7aeb71b29d.flv
Last Exile - ep-3 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/31/vid_2742d3ec09e045f3ac99e7e81cde9433.flv
Last Exile - ep-4 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/59/vid_57cf29b3aeae41ef9d769f8ad364bdc6.flv
Last Exile - ep-5 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/95/vid_b58bae39c55f4a2daf8c2b15f3c4cdda.flv
Last Exile - ep-7 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/95/vid_61db215c72c244bcbd472400e74ccdeb.flv
Last Exile - ep-8 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/5/vid_3f7d9675205947e6a79a0138a7a8d94d.flv
Last Exile - ep-9 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/39/vid_4f4993f7f8e991f6705f997a8ac08d81.flv
Last Exile ep-1 (Dub) http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/35/vid_2ea7ccbc55ba695171be34e3c6a604d1.flv
Last Exile ep-1 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/48/vid_4b252bbd3c7b4b6f9c56260a9d0bc243.flv
Last Exile ep-10 (Dub) http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/53/vid_e09c0d0e20e2a7b15bf985685f70da37.flv
Last Exile ep-10 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/53/vid_e09c0d0e20e2a7b15bf985685f70da37.flv
Last Exile ep-11 (Dub) http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/42/vid_0c22c64eed5405a0b37f0a91137edf6f.flv
Last Exile ep-11 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/42/vid_0c22c64eed5405a0b37f0a91137edf6f.flv
Last Exile ep-12 (Dub) http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/21/vid_1ba30e1de9303d7f91f3285633516a08.flv
Last Exile ep-13 (Dub) http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/57/vid_ebe5a3135313caad3197b96072e13c07.flv
Last Exile ep-13 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/57/vid_ebe5a3135313caad3197b96072e13c07.flv
Last Exile ep-14 (Dub) http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/26/vid_4b060dab594b51647500568a3a015734.flv
Last Exile ep-15 (Dub) http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/53/vid_335bb08c7058fff735a31b8171a5b953.flv
Last Exile ep-15 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/53/vid_335bb08c7058fff735a31b8171a5b953.flv
Last Exile ep-16 (Dub) http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/54/vid_37ae3a6c535ce4da5b491d6937045b84.flv
Last Exile ep-17 (Dub) http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/27/vid_acb7cf339de8db47268009f65ae47e13.flv
Last Exile ep-18 (Dub) http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/55/vid_d9695501c29154ad49c255d96aa3585a.flv
Last Exile ep-19 (Dub) http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/58/vid_d783b729941c2c0170f210019230af7b.flv
Last Exile ep-2 (Dub) http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/21/vid_b0719f7d38f898d9ca060d8e930cc10a.flv
Last Exile ep-2 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/76/vid_8c30e67659e3462497d80ef77ce51eec.flv
Last Exile ep-20 (Dub) http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/54/vid_91dfc8beebad150b253127cafba6c815.flv
Last Exile ep-21 (Dub) http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/39/vid_5811b305a59842f0af556d7d1d2575d5.flv
Last Exile ep-22 (Dub) http://cache02-videos02.myspacecdn.com/78/vid_f85405a055dd42cfbdca3245414429e7.flv
Last Exile ep-23 (Dub) http://cache02-videos02.myspacecdn.com/72/vid_edb58952393c4f15a9212def79fc2607.flv
Last Exile ep-24 (Dub) http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/17/vid_d9c6a857c5d84112a176cc5f2a9ba36c.flv
Last Exile ep-25 (Dub) http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/40/vid_5ea7c8829f0c4e9eb6a3128ea57035c5.flv
Last Exile ep-26 (Dub) http://cache02-videos02.myspacecdn.com/67/vid_8e7b066ee5464ab792ab4e7aeb71b29d.flv
Last Exile ep-26 http://cache02-videos02.myspacecdn.com/67/vid_8e7b066ee5464ab792ab4e7aeb71b29d.flv
Last Exile ep-3 (Dub) http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/18/vid_cea97f39cb25f891f55fb7f985f98ee0.flv
Last Exile ep-3 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/31/vid_2742d3ec09e045f3ac99e7e81cde9433.flv
Last Exile ep-4 (Dub) http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/3/vid_1d7467a349c6c91b06433b04ebc14e56.flv
Last Exile ep-4 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/59/vid_57cf29b3aeae41ef9d769f8ad364bdc6.flv
Last Exile ep-5 (Dub) http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/28/vid_3cfa05a60b6717373683032e113bfc2d.flv
Last Exile ep-5 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/95/vid_b58bae39c55f4a2daf8c2b15f3c4cdda.flv
Last Exile ep-6 (Dub) http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/2/vid_3a65ad5bd05719db5b6866915ab3a1f1.flv
Last Exile ep-6 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/75/vid_98576d67f5824805a0a2e2831c14b437.flv
Last Exile ep-7 (Dub) http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/16/vid_a3d973715fa9a3911a24c44ebf58f828.flv
Last Exile ep-7 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/95/vid_61db215c72c244bcbd472400e74ccdeb.flv
Last Exile ep-8 (Dub) http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/14/vid_696cac08ac04a7ee00bf34a551d3179c.flv
Last Exile ep-8 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/5/vid_3f7d9675205947e6a79a0138a7a8d94d.flv
Last Exile ep-9 (Dub) http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/39/vid_4f4993f7f8e991f6705f997a8ac08d81.flv
Last Exile ep-9 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/39/vid_4f4993f7f8e991f6705f997a8ac08d81.flv
Letter Bee / Tegami Bachi - ep-1 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/216/vid_b87a08dc166f44e9988045bf65b7ca03.flv
Letter Bee / Tegami Bachi - ep-2 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/162/vid_6f883c57bdd642d8a463fc6fbddee42f.flv
Letter Bee / Tegami Bachi - ep-3 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/162/vid_6f883c57bdd642d8a463fc6fbddee42f.flv
Letter Bee / Tegami Bachi - ep-4 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/183/vid_87010e899618422aa39685b6b10a4d3c.flv
Letter Bee / Tegami Bachi - ep-5 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/129/vid_847e798312c142768498a99f93721ded.flv
Letter Bee / Tegami Bachi - ep-6 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/107/vid_c1279f0218e14ae189a756f039d2b0e5.flv
Letter Bee ep-1 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/183/vid_507c7882740444f1894c8ae0e92f9926.flv
Letter Bee ep-1 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/216/vid_b87a08dc166f44e9988045bf65b7ca03.flv
Letter Bee ep-2 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/151/vid_930a22aec97c4edbad8c7431a99d0968.flv
Letter Bee ep-2 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/228/vid_f93e5834f4b24a74ace005bb1ba8141b.flv
Letter Bee ep-3 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/166/vid_324cdec66cc34531a80f9533013283ec.flv
Letter Bee ep-3 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/184/vid_ec33035cde1a444ea00b1bd822ae8e17.flv
Letter Bee ep-4 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/119/vid_83c2cc0abd8d4741b43cb52c769476ba.flv
Letter Bee ep-4 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/228/vid_57652fe722134036a8e1478bb0f31cde.flv
Letter Bee ep-5 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/129/vid_847e798312c142768498a99f93721ded.flv
Letter Bee ep-6 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/103/vid_95d533253bd349ddad4aedd9928e664a.flv
Ristorante Paradiso ep-1 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/123/vid_b83c4c05a60949efbe883c6b5119cb15.flv
Ristorante Paradiso ep-10 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/225/vid_8206ef29202c44ff80d8cb34c177b538.flv
Ristorante Paradiso ep-11 [Final] http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/209/vid_9409f1776d4544f89bb5642aa5a0ea57.flv
Ristorante Paradiso ep-2 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/171/vid_588c3da8edb740cdbbd45b09e5f9f057.flv
Ristorante Paradiso ep-3 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/227/vid_e46d16a8f85b46d2aca9bacca5dfadf5.flv
Ristorante Paradiso ep-4 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/223/vid_040499678ec94f458c2bc053f09780b7.flv
Ristorante Paradiso ep-5 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/188/vid_86f189c90a31479eb6b2af0d0e637984.flv
Ristorante Paradiso ep-8 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/231/vid_45fb1ea658a54773901669988804c985.flv
Ristorante Paradiso ep-9 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/189/vid_312c575dc26a477ca3a9f241bb56eae4.flv
Shigurui ep-1 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/129/vid_382202c12aa0419f9ac753f141a0707b.flv
Shigurui ep-10 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/128/vid_c5bf2d07be4641e48f088932bdff5078.flv
Shigurui ep-11 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/158/vid_d92785a0496e4fb8aa0dca98881f2ba4.flv
Shigurui ep-12 [Final] http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/234/vid_d1ea5a65b4c64586ab6524898322ee24.flv
Shigurui ep-4 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/97/vid_b069f59bc73042bd9194833026afe163.flv
Shigurui ep-5 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/227/vid_dafd108c63104180824b921be23b5f1a.flv
Shigurui ep-6 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/211/vid_7faaa9afb4df4a9884d1fd3495115010.flv
Shigurui ep-8 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/220/vid_c663e346451e41239ed81489de15ff7e.flv
Shigurui ep-9 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/175/vid_9a1c3b4f04364ff29241b73812dce5f0.flv
Sketchbook ~full color'S~ ep-1 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/1/vid_9f99c2c2d6a240c2bb2d686abe215067.flv
Sketchbook ~full color'S~ ep-10 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/2/vid_dd124819cd4f4f1b83708cc9d36ef364.flv
Sketchbook ~full color'S~ ep-11 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/17/vid_2d5e6aa8e36a4ecda8c91d0b4d369d1f.flv
Sketchbook ~full color'S~ ep-12 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/40/vid_73dff7b2e3474dd3a20f7baff9f017f6.flv
Sketchbook ~full color'S~ ep-13 [Final] http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/32/vid_7e2d927e96b741e38e6be3a6e0f30e0f.flv
Sketchbook ~full color'S~ ep-2 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/69/vid_d4f37c22ec9349f89dfd79c768ff146c.flv
Sketchbook ~full color'S~ ep-3 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/87/vid_2f491316979843e3bba73ecafd43d25f.flv
Sketchbook ~full color'S~ ep-4 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/22/vid_8c37ded632c84f33a26be4318af85d5d.flv
Sketchbook ~full color'S~ ep-5 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/42/vid_eb9503ff4979496e9ee9f97234ed7961.flv
Sketchbook ~full color'S~ ep-6 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/43/vid_d515463e40d44f87bbe44a6949ae6c5d.flv
Sketchbook ~full color'S~ ep-7 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/20/vid_3a23ee34cbac4658bfab5c02f17cee91.flv
Sketchbook ~full color'S~ ep-8 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/79/vid_749555e1875e460481380f827b1e3db4.flv
Sketchbook ~full color'S~ ep-9 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/68/vid_f1a1374e915e4bbcbb5c1998fe65fd39.flv
Sora no Otoshimono - ep-2 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/178/vid_30b22f7f4edc45af9fea3df888844cb3.flv
Sora no Otoshimono - ep-3 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/122/vid_5ccc8a2b766a43eca720b2a441136afa.flv
Sora no Otoshimono - ep-4 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/98/vid_546c54e17a044fafa9a2a5e465b07d53.flv
Sora no Otoshimono - ep-6 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/121/vid_be9ede8e0e884a21a1678669b75aa9fe.flv
Sora no Otoshimono ep-1 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/113/vid_0d5d0533dd604889824e15de97bbc54e.flv
Sora no Otoshimono ep-2 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/218/vid_ba3f5089ad20400bbc49984dcc3c98d2.flv
Sora no Otoshimono ep-3 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/169/vid_99a4a57fc18f4a3499bfcfd149add988.flv
Sora no Otoshimono ep-4 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/187/vid_24966863d88943a9adbc7c30389aa4ef.flv
Sora no Otoshimono ep-4 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/98/vid_546c54e17a044fafa9a2a5e465b07d53.flv
Sora no Otoshimono ep-5 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/99/vid_61517c89cb224fb6983db90b62308b7f.flv
Sora no Otoshimono ep-6 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/121/vid_be9ede8e0e884a21a1678669b75aa9fe.flv
White Album 2nd Season ep-1 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/199/vid_2ae06ddcd4c14af0b052194bf9a2655b.flv
White Album 2nd Season ep-2 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/151/vid_f5a74443bc40454dab17cd348332b6c7.flv
White Album ep-1 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/72/vid_48e71c024c9340e1b363a30b8a75e33d.flv
White Album ep-10 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/13/vid_a80c2f81c74a440a93496e6e0b9945a1.flv
White Album ep-12 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/66/vid_a08a715abbc7421ab8ce08301a862331.flv
White Album ep-13 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/34/vid_74ba6cd257ef4197a6990b019243d7fa.flv
White Album ep-14 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/199/vid_2ae06ddcd4c14af0b052194bf9a2655b.flv
White Album ep-16 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/106/vid_23dccfb2ec93401aaf19337b652ea3e2.flv
White Album ep-19 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/131/vid_ccdd74dbc0674637b47c35bd1431ad6e.flv
White Album ep-4 http://cache02-videos02.myspacecdn.com/70/vid_48a0ef0bbf9d48859ddfad2f679102b4.flv
White Album ep-6 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/28/vid_b1d63bc185df4bbdad8f75ce065b752f.flv
White Album ep-6 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/38/vid_29f18cc9ee4b4ea29868e9a68328cfb0.flv
White Album ep-7 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/5/vid_71eb0ee09521438889cee6145e3a2dcf.flv
White Album ep-8 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/6/vid_cfd033df892d4e1b9f4444e294fa2017.flv
White Album ep-9 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/19/vid_2eb1961c34424c0e8fce27d05272ae48.flv
Yoku Wakaru Gendai Maho - ep-1 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/114/vid_0e662cc863b940ac83b76b3541f8ad9f.flv
Yoku Wakaru Gendai Maho - ep-2 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/110/vid_1f78cb7772db4ba18d337a657656c5a8.flv
Yoku Wakaru Gendai Maho - ep-5 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/171/vid_b2d10c2a30af4e7dbe776f6476af9ba0.flv
Yoku Wakaru Gendai Maho - ep-7 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/188/vid_84c2835c618b40a788fbd81ccbcd28e5.flv
Yoku Wakaru Gendai Mahou ep-1 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/167/vid_1ddf22503eb247dfa9fd89f785445942.flv
Yoku Wakaru Gendai Mahou ep-11 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/153/vid_95d2de7978994b988079fbfa42654db6.flv
Yoku Wakaru Gendai Mahou ep-2 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/110/vid_1f78cb7772db4ba18d337a657656c5a8.flv
Yoku Wakaru Gendai Mahou ep-3 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/154/vid_d0f53b5522174c0da6f743eb5e45321d.flv
Yoku Wakaru Gendai Mahou ep-5 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/205/vid_0ac0a02bbfd44e27975e879be95e57c9.flv
Yoku Wakaru Gendai Mahou ep-7 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/188/vid_84c2835c618b40a788fbd81ccbcd28e5.flv
Yumeiro Pâtissière ep-3 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/184/vid_28a43b6228b84bff93c7670470c49597.flv
Yumeiro Pâtissière ep-5 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/122/vid_e80010404aec49a6ad1088fafb710a04.flv
Zoku Natsume Yuujin-chou ep-1 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/26/vid_ef79111a2b1b4d31a5e82ba3f8ab9800.flv
Zoku Natsume Yuujin-chou ep-10 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/71/vid_00b9319f51414e15b013037679a057fc.flv
Zoku Natsume Yuujin-chou ep-10 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/71/vid_1eb306f349884276bf403208a400bcf0.flv
Zoku Natsume Yuujin-chou ep-11 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/59/vid_b3a6627c7a494ec49ecfe58034d9744d.flv
Zoku Natsume Yuujin-chou ep-12 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/12/vid_34c24e8fb300402ab8a50dba070fa351.flv
Zoku Natsume Yuujin-chou ep-13 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/79/vid_7b4086e07cfe41998a151972d30569ad.flv
Zoku Natsume Yuujin-chou ep-2 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/40/vid_7d555f2b93d244bbbf33da45b555ef8a.flv
Zoku Natsume Yuujin-chou ep-6 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/7/vid_e2eaf4fb06b54f38b9f3e946fa421838.flv
Zoku Natsume Yuujin-chou ep-7 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/35/vid_af36c19e14564509aa5f7d6c95ef6280.flv
Zoku Natsume Yuujin-chou ep-8 http://cache02-videos02.myspacecdn.com/86/vid_167eae3484fc4727ba426b77d95148d0.flv
Zoku Natsume Yuujin-chou ep-9 http://cache01-videos02.myspacecdn.com/27/vid_4d602da7225c4987a1a3f9ad8579d9f6.flv